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difference between pen vs pencil with infographic

The main key difference between pen vs pencil, they both are writing tools. [ pen vs pencil ] A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing. While in pen vs pencil, A pencil is a writing implement or art medium constructed of a narrow, solid pigment core inside a protective casing which prevents the core from being broken and/or from leaving marks on the user’s hand during use.


Difference between Pen vs pencil


What is the difference between pen vs pencil – comparisons

Some interesting bullet points about pen vs pencil


  • A ballpoint pen dispenses an oil-based ink by rolling a small hard sphere, usually 0.5–1.2 mm and made of brass, steel, or tungsten carbide. The ink dries almost immediately on contact with paper. It has replaced the fountain pen as the most common tool for everyday writing.
  • A fountain pen uses water-based liquid ink delivered through a nib. The ink flows from a reservoir through a “feed” to the nib, then through the nib, due to capillary action and gravity. The nib has no moving parts and delivers ink through a thin slit to the writing surface. A fountain pen can be used with permanent or non-permanent inks.
  • A gel pen uses ink in which pigment is suspended in a water-based gel. Because the ink is thick and opaque, it shows up more clearly on dark or slick surfaces than the typical inks used in ballpoint or felt tip pens. Gel pens can be used for many types of writing and illustration.


  • Most pencil cores are made of graphite mixed with a clay binder which leaves grey or black marks that can be easily erased. Graphite pencils are used for both writing and drawing and result in durable markings: though writing is easily removable with an eraser, it is otherwise resistant to moisture, most chemicals, ultraviolet radiation, and natural aging.
  • Other types of pencil core are less widely used, such as charcoal pencils, which are mainly used by artists for drawing and sketching.
  • The most common type of pencil casing is of thin wood, usually hexagonal in section but sometimes cylindrical, permanently bonded to the core.
    To use the pencil, the casing must be carved or peeled off to expose the working end of the core as a sharp point.


Pen vs Pencil: History about pen and pencil


Pen History: Ancient Egyptians had developed writing on papyrus scrolls when scribes used thin reed brushes or reed pens from the Juncus maritimus or sea rush. the reed pen might well have been used for writing on parchment as long ago as the First Dynasty or about 3000 BC. Reed pens continued to be used until the Middle Ages, but were slowly replaced by quills from about the 7th century.
The reed pen, generally made from bamboo, is still used in some parts of Pakistan by young students and is used to write on small wooden boards.
The quill pen was used in Qumran, Judea to write some of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which date back to around 100 BC. There is a specific reference to quills in the writings of St. Isidore of Seville in the 7th century. Quill pens were still widely used in the eighteenth century, and were used to write and sign the Constitution of the United States in 1787.

While a student in Paris, Romanian Petrache Poenaru invented the fountain pen, which the French Government patented in May 1827. Fountain pen patents and production then increased in the 1850s.
The first patent on a ballpoint pen was issued on October 30, 1888, to John J Loud.


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Pencil History: The words for pencil in German (bleistift), Irish (peann luaidhe), Arabic (قلم رصاص qalam raṣāṣ), and some other languages literally mean lead pen.
A large deposit of graphite was discovered on the approach to Grey Knotts from the hamlet of Seathwaite in Borrowdale parish, Cumbria, England. This particular deposit of graphite was extremely pure and solid, and it could easily be sawn into sticks.
Many people have the misconception that the graphite in the pencil is lead, and the black core of pencils is still referred to as lead, even though it never contained the element lead.
The meaning of “graphite writing implement” apparently evolved late in the 16th century.
Around 1560, an Italian couple named Simonio and Lyndiana Bernacotti made what are likely the first blueprints for the modern, wood-encased carpentry pencil.
The first attempt to manufacture graphite sticks from powdered graphite was in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1662. It used a mixture of graphite, sulphur, and antimony.
This method of manufacture, which had been earlier discovered by the Austrian Joseph Hardtmuth, the founder of the Koh-I-Noor in 1790, remains in use. In 1802, the production of graphite leads from graphite and clay was patented by the Koh-I-Noor company in Vienna.

On 30 March 1858, Hymen Lipman received the first patent for attaching an eraser to the end of a pencil.
In 1862 Lipman sold his patent to Joseph Reckendorfer for $100,000, who went to sue the pencil manufacturer Faber-Castell for infringement. In 1875, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled against Reckendorfer declaring the patent invalid.


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Quick comparison chart about pen vs pencil – infographics

difference between pen vs pencil - infographics


Some 20-20 Amazing Facts About Pen And Pencil – pen vs pencil


1. On average a pen can write approximately 45,000 words. – pen facts.


2. It is said that On average a pencil can be sharpened 17 times, draw a line 35 miles long and can write approximately 45,000 words, although this has never been tested. Be the first to try it out and you could appear on our next Pencil Facts list! pencil facts.


3. Quill pens are one of the oldest type of pens. A quill pen is the feather of a bird, usually a goose. The end of the feather (the quill) was kept very sharp and had to be dipped into ink after every few words. – pen facts.


4. One theory is that the word pencil comes from the Latin word pencillus, which means “little tail.” Another is that it is derived from the French pincel, meaning “little paintbrush.”- pencil facts.


5. Do you know? The BIC Crystal ballpoint pen was first sold in the U.S. in 1959 for $0.19. It is still sold for approximately $0.19 even with inflation.- pen facts.


6. Do you know? More than 14 billion pencils are produced in the world every year – enough to circle the globe 62 times.- pencil facts.


7. Reed and quill pens are dip pens because they have to be dipped in ink many times during writing or drawing. Modern dip pens have nibs made of metal.- pen facts.


8. Before the invention of erasers, writers and artists used bread crumbs to erase mistakes.- pencil facts.


9. The first fountain pen was invented by a New York insurance agent, Lewis Edson Waterman in 1883. Later Waterman had it patented in 1884.- pen facts.


10. An average size tree will make approximately 300,000 pencils.- pencil facts.


11. Despite producing about 38 billion ballpoint pens each year, China had yet to acquire the technology to produce their own pen tips domestically until 2017.- pen facts.


12. More than 2 billion pencils are used in the United States every year, and most of them have erasers! However, most pencils sold in Europe do not have erasers!- pencil facts.


13. Fountain pens are like dip pens, but can hold enough ink inside to write several pages before being refilled. Inside, the ink is held in a sac or cartridge.- pen facts.


14. Pencils don’t really contain lead.That gray matter is graphite and clay.- pencil facts.


15. The ‘Nanofountain Probe’ is the smallest fountain pen on record; writing lines that are just 40 nanometre in width.- pen facts.


16. Pencils have a hardness (H) and blackness or softness (B) rating system. Adding a number in front of a H or behind a B indicates the rating of hardness or softness.- pencil facts.


17. Bic pen caps have a hole to reduce the risk of suffocation if accidentally inhaled.- pen facts.


18. Famous novelists Ernest Hemingway and JohnSteinbeck used pencils to write their books.- pencil facts.


19. A ballpoint pen is generally cylindrical plastic shaft that holds ink and is smaller than a fountain pen. It has a very small metal ball on the writing end that rolls the ink onto the paper.- pen facts.


20. In 1908 A.C. Steward developed a press that could imprint round pencils.- pencil facts.


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21. Fountain pens with gold nibs, have the ability to learn. Due to the soft metal used it can slowly adjust and adapt to your writing style over time.- pen facts.


22. In 1822 the mechanical pencil was patented. Developed by British developers the company prospered until 1941, when it was then hit by bombs during World War Two.- pencil facts.


23. Sylvester Stallone designed a $5,000 pen.- pen facts.


24. Thomas Edison had pencils specially made so that they were thicker than regular pencils.- pencil facts.


25. A stylus is a pen that cannot write on paper and is usually made out of plastic. They are usually used with touchscreens.- pen facts.


26. Dreaming that you are sharpening a pencil, suggests that you need to be more flexible in your way of thinking.- pencil facts.


27. A ‘Space Pen’ uses pressurised ink cartridges meaning that it can write underwater, in varying temperatures, at zero gravity and on wet and greasy paper.- pen facts.


28. Pencils can write in zero gravity, and were used on space missions by American and Russian astronauts. They can also write under water!- pencil facts.


29. The tip of a ballpoint pen is almost as hard as a diamond.- pen facts.


30. The metal band that attaches the pencil body with an eraser is called a “ferrule”.- pencil facts.


31. The British government bought the rights to the Biro pens, so that they could be used by the Royal Air Force Crew. This was because the pens would still work at high altitude.pen facts.


32. One million pencils are used annually on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.pencil facts.


33. The Apollo 11 crew broke the ignition switch on the lander and relied on a pen to get back to earth.- pen facts.


34. Seeing a pencil in your dream indicates that you are making a temporary impact in a situation. It may also suggest that a relationship may not last long.- pencil facts.


35. In 1963 the ‘Hi-Liter’ was developed in Massachusetts by Carter’s Ink, who developed a the water-based marker that emitted an eye-catching translucent ink.- pen facts.


36. The largest colored pencil drawing ever documented was 500 yards long. It was completed by Jainthan Francis of New Jersey in 2009.- pencil facts.


37. The biggest ballpoint pen ever made was in India. It has a length of 5.5m and weighs 37.23kg, and it’s fully functioning.- pen facts.


38. The world holds some remarkable things including the biggest pencil ever made! This behemoth of a pencil is made from the finest Malaysian wood, stands at 65 feet tall and is called the Castell 9000. You can see it in Kuala Lumpur.- pencil facts.


39. In 1984 gel ink was first invented by a company called ‘Sakura Color Products Corp’, based in Osaka, Japan. Gel pens were also developed by the same company.- pen facts.


40. You think a set of Faber-Castell colored pencils are pricey? The most expensive pencil in the world was also made by them. It contains 18-carat white gold and is wrapped in 240 year old olive wood. Each pencil retails for nearly $13,000.- pencil facts.


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  1. Frogpitara June 2, 2018

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